Early Vermont Constitution records now online

first_imgSecretary of State Jim Condos announced today that records relating to the first hundred years of the Vermont Constitution, including proposals of amendments, are now available online at: http://vermont-archives.org/publications/publicat/pdf/Council_of_Censors…(link is external) Some examples are displayed below.Secretary Condos noted, ‘The records of the Vermont Council of Censors, 1777-1870 provide unique insights not only into the evolution of our state constitution but also on persisting issues such as the nature of representation, constitutions, and citizenship.’  The Council of Censors was a constitutional body of thirteen men, elected to one year terms every seven years. It had the authority to review the actions of state government in the preceding seven years to see if they conformed to constitutional requirements.  It also was the sole body that could propose amendments to the constitution. Proposed amendments would then be presented to a constitutional convention for ratification or rejection. The publication of the Council’s records was originally done in 1991 under then Secretary of State Jim Douglas. The Council’s journals were transcribed and annotated by Paul Gillies and Gregory Sanford.  Secretary Condos explained that, ‘Putting Gillies and Sanford’s work online reflects our enhanced opportunities for distributing information through technology.  It is part of my commitment to making public information as broadly available, for free, as we can.’ The Censors successfully proposed two-year terms of office; the creation of a state senate; and their own replacement with the current amendment process, though with a ten-year time lock as opposed to the current four years.  The Council also foreshadowed the current make-up of the House of Representatives when in 1856 it proposed replacing town-representation with a 150 member chamber based on population.  While their proposals failed at the time, their system of proportional representation was essentially adopted in 1965.  The debates surrounding even the Council’s failure are fascinating. The 1869 Council’s debates over extending the vote to women followed along the lines of 20th Century debates over the equal rights amendment. The Council’s proposal in support of women’s suffrage lost in convention 1 to 233. ‘Making records on the evolution of our state constitution widely accessible is important to our civic education, as students and as Vermonters,’ said Condos.  The online presentation is full-text searchable, easing the ability to search issues over time. Source: Secretary of State, December 15, 2011  Selections from the Records of the Council of Censors, 1770-1870 On Women’s Suffrage ‘We believe that woman, married or unmarried, was made to be the companion of man and not his mere servant; that she has the same right to control her property that he has to control his; that she has the same right to aspire to any occupation, profession, or position, the duties of which she is competent to discharge, that he has. A right is worth nothing without the power to protect it. The ballot alone can do this.’                                                                                                                                         July 28, 1869 (p. 642)On the Creation of a Senate ‘With these views, we propose, as a safeguard against hasty and improvident legislation, and to remedy, in some degree, the inequality of representation in the most numerous branch of the legislature, a Senate as a substitute for the present Council. The Senate to consist of thirty members, to be apportioned to the several counties, as near as may be, in the ratio of population–providing however, that each county shall have, at least, one Senator.’                                                                                                                              January 16, 1835 (p. 374)On the Disadvantage of Annual Sessions of the Legislature ‘Your committee are of the opinion that a careful scrutiny of the history of our State Legislature for the past twenty years will show that in most cases our public legislation has been confined to trivial matters, and that no important changes have been made in our laws as often as once in two years, nor indeed for much longer periods. Such scrutiny will also show that in many instances, such changes as have been made, have been had unadvisedly, so that no inconsiderable part of the business has been to undo and repeal what had been so hastily done the year before. In this view your committee are of opinion that we have had too much legislation; that the continual tinkering of the laws, by making amendments one year and repealing them the next, and the numerous minor modifications of our statute which our legislation has produced, have not been profitable to the State.’                                                                                                                                        July 29, 1869 (p. 645) Foreshadowing Current Use In our enquiry, “whether the public taxes have been justly laid and collected in all parts of this commonwealth,” we are of opinion, that the act passed by the legislature in October 1797, laying a tax of one cent per acre, on all lands in this state indiscriminately,” was unequal and unjust. It is a principle universally allowed, that property ought to be taxed in proportion to its real value, and annual income; and though it is impossible by any general rule to do perfect justice, yet the mode that makes the nearest approach thereto is to be preferred. The taxing the wild and uncultivated mountains per acre, equal to the lands of the highest cultivation, or covered with elegant buildings, can bear no proportionate estimate, either in value or income.                                                                                                                                  Feb 4, 1800 (p. 170)On the People’s Role in Amending the Constitution It is evident that the people at the present time take but little interest in amending their Constitution, nor have they since 1850. They have become so indifferent that it is a matter of doubt whether one in ten really knows and understands what our Constitution is, or how it is amended; and the question arises, is it best or expedient to perpetuate and continue a system so little understood, and in which so little interest is manifested? It should be brought home nearer to the people; they should have a direct influence, instead of an indirect and remote one. This is an age of improvement, and a republican government is never wiser nor better, in our State, at least, and at the present time, than the people who elect it; and such a government fails to answer its design when the people become indifferent to its workings. The people of Vermont are at the present time vastly more intelligent, better informed, better educated than formerly, and no good reason exists in the opinion of the minority for not trusting them directly in the final amendments to their Constitution.                                                                                                                            July 31, 1869 (pp. 659-660)On the Purpose of a Constitution ‘Again it is urged that the Council of Censors is a body unknown to sister states, and has arrived at that “respectable old age” in our own that entitles it to funeral honors. We are unable to see any force in this argument. The very soul of an organic law–of a constitution for a commonwealth, is permanency. The people demand some permanent law so that legislatures of partisan bias shall not trample upon the rights of minorities.’    August 3, 1869 (p. 680)last_img read more

Teachers restraining children 130 times a month

first_imgRadio NZ News 24 November 2017Family First Comment: Here’s the proof that common sense has left our schools – and teaching staff are now paranoid about taking common sense action against misbehaving students…Principals’ Federation’s Whetu Cormick – Mr Cormick said new rules about when teachers could legally use physical force also meant teachers were less likely to intervenePresident of the Post Primary Teachers Association, Jack Boyle – “Teachers have always thought twice about it, but now what… some teachers will be thinking about potentially is not ‘is that young person at risk of harm?’ but instead there’s a backstep ‘am I at risk of losing my career if I intervene?’,”Tai Tokerau Principals Association president Pat Newman – the ministry was requiring notifications about trivial incidents, such as breaking up fights between five-year-olds. “It’s brought another level of fear into schools and into teachers about what are going to be the consequences of keeping children safe.”And then they wonder why schools are so unsafe these days!Teachers are physically restraining children to stop them hurting themselves or others more than 130 times each month, Education Ministry figures show.Since the start of August, schools have had to notify the Ministry of Education every time a teacher physically restrains a student.Between 1 August and 25 October, 186 schools made 423 notifications, all involving the use of force because of a serious and imminent safety risk.It said more than half the cases involved children with recognised behaviour problems.Twenty-three of the reports came from secondary schools, 79 from special schools, and 321 from primary schools.The ministry’s deputy secretary sector enablement and support, Katrina Casey, said physical restraint was a serious intervention and should only be used as a last resort.She said the notification system helped the ministry support schools and it also protected staff by ensuring there was a written record of each event.READ MORE: http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/344589/teachers-restraining-children-130-times-a-month Restraint reporting too detailed, but vital – teachersRadio NZ News 27 November 2017Mandatory reporting of hundreds of cases of teachers physically restraining children will show the scale of the behaviour problems they’re dealing with, school principals say.But they warn that teachers are increasingly worried their snap judgements about when to restrain a child could land them in court.The Education Ministry received more than 400 notifications of physical restraint in schools in the first three months of mandatory reporting, which began on 1 August.Deidre Alderson from Willowbank School was among several hundred principals who had reported a case of physical restraint of a child since then.“We had a child whose behaviours were causing the teacher concern and she was unable to de-escalate the problem,” she said.“Her only real alternative was to hold the child so that she could get the rest of the children out of the classroom so that they were safe.”READ MORE: http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/344775/restraint-reporting-too-detailed-but-vital-teacherslast_img read more

Jakub Myszkorowski, STATSCORE: Refreshed sports widgets to boost the betting experience

first_img Related Articles Back in 2013, data specialist STATSCORE introduced key sports widgets PrematchPro and LivematchPro to deliver pre-game insights and live match data to drive online projects and boost the shop experience for self-service betting terminal (SSBT) users.More recently, the company has worked on a “major refreshment” for these products to ensure that turnover for its partners, which includes the likes of BGT and Ladbrokes, is “riding an upward wave”. We caught up with Jakub Myszkorowski, STATSCORE Chief Commercial Officer, to find out more.SBC: Hi Jakub. Easy one first up – what are PrematchPro and LivematchPro?JM: Long story short – these are our key sport widgets built mainly for betting online projects. The first one is aimed at delivering the pregame insights. Starting with information about an event, it moves on to the standings for any league or competition, recent results, head to head, key stats, squads and the Twitter accounts of the competitors. This combination provides all the action and news in one place. The idea behind this product is to make sure that pre-match betting is inspired and supported with the right information delivered in the right place and at the right time.LivematchPro also brings tons of valuable data but served with all the live action as games progress. The heart of this product is a live sports tracker that consists of a representation of where the event is taking place e.g. soccer pitch, race track or even ice rink. This means we can recreate all the action with a dedicated set of great visualisations, as well as tracking the ball, puck or even car where applicable. SBC: How does this ball tracking feature actually work? JM: The idea here is simple. Scouts use STATSCORE special panel to indicate where the ball actually goes. By clicking into the certain part of the pitch they not only show where the action takes place, but they also automatically generate the info about the attacks and so called dangerous attacks (those where the ball is close to the scoring zone). SBC: If you were to name just one feature (besides the ball tracking) that stands out STATSCORE widgets from the competitors, what would it be?JM: If you just want one feature, then we can go for the animations for the live incidents. We spent some time on analysing, how to replace the experience of watching the game from the stands or in TV for the final users of the live trackers. At the end of the day, if they do not remain focused and if their interest in the event they follow drops, there is a huge risk that they will stop placing bets and leave. This is certainly something we wanted to avoid, so we came up with unique set of animations for each of the 16 sports that we deliver live in LivematchPro. Whenever something important happens during a match, we can inform about it immediately with a special graphical notification. SBC: And how are they used by the clients?JM: At this stage, the majority of our partners come from the betting market. They use both PrematchPro and LivematchPro to engage more people to bet actively before the sports’ events starts and once they are in progress. Thanks to the mapping procedures on STATSCORE side, we can easily integrate our widgets with their odds no matter who the provider.We have also recognized recently a rising interest from the media sector. More sport websites tend to add live trackers to deliver their readers a better experience over the old format, which was mainly based on the pure text info about the incidents from the games. Internet is more and more all about securing an immediate intense sports’ event experience. If you do not succeed here, then your viewers move further to find what they are looking for somewhere else and they may never come back.SBC: What are the recent changes introduced for terminals?JM: A refreshment for both has been offered to make the betting shop experience even better and to help ensure that our partners’ turnover is riding an upward wave.More intuitive display was the motto behind this. First things first, a decision was made to introduce extended standings for PrematchPro. This feature allows users to see the whole table without the need for scrolling down. Head to head game results were moved and placed just above the list of recent matches. So you can now build a better picture of what the competing teams are capable of. At the top of the widget, you will now find a summary of all the key information, plus the team comparison. Both widgets now show the redesigned kits (or helmets, when it comes to American Football) for the competitors.SBC: What makes the betting experience different on these terminals? JM: Basically, the big screen allows to focus comfortably on a chosen event and make the betting decisions more easily. SSBTs have been created to secure a better gambling experience for those that still prefer to play in the stationary kiosks rather than stay home on their sofas. These users can therefore combine the best practices of individual screen experience from the home surroundings with the joy of using a big and comfortable display tool. Submit Share GVC absorbs retail shocks as business recalibrates for critical H2 trading August 13, 2020 FSB selects Glenn Elliott as new COO August 12, 2020 STATSCORE chosen as the main sponsor for Futsal Ekstraklasa August 11, 2020 Share StumbleUponlast_img read more