State Rep. Dan Lauwers introduced legislation urging the federal government and Great Lakes states to evaluate a proposed underground nuclear waste repository in Ontario, Canada, that threatens Lake Huron and the other Great Lakes.Rep. Lauwers, R-Brockway Township, today said House Resolution 60 and House Concurrent Resolution 9 encourage the president and Congress, the U.S. secretary of state, the Canadian government, and other Great Lakes state governments to evaluate Ontario Power Generation’s Bruce Nuclear Generating Station. He urges adoption of regulations to ensure that the Great Lakes will be protected from possible pollution caused by leaks or other disasters that may occur at the proposed nuclear waste repository.“It is an understatement to say that having a nuclear waste storage facility located this close to the Great Lakes – less than a mile from the Lake Huron shoreline – could pose the potential of a pollution incident that would be a monumental tragedy for the Great Lakes,” Rep. Lauwers said. “A breach of radioactivity from this proposed facility could damage the ecology of the lakes, upon which tens of millions of Americans and Canadians depend for drinking water, fisheries, tourism, recreation, industrial and other economic uses.”Rep. Lauwers cites an existing treaty that offers protections to the Great Lakes from pollution and encourages the U.S. secretary of state to invoke that treaty to ensure the purity of the lakes from possible nuclear pollution.“We must protect Michigan’s amazing natural resources from all types of pollution, and it seems irresponsible to locate a nuclear waste repository this close to Lake Huron. Considering how large Canada is geographically, it would seem there would be a more appropriate and safe site,” Rep. Lauwers said. “The president and Congress must take action to ensure that our grandchildren and their children will be able to enjoy pollution-free lakes.”Both resolutions were referred to the House Committee on Energy Policy.##### 28Apr Rep. Lauwers urges feds to evaluate Canadian nuclear waste burial site Lawmaker points out possible dangers to Great Lakes Categories: Lauwers News,News
ShareTweet POLICE VOW TO CRACKDOWN ON DRINK, DRUG AND ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR was last modified: September 22nd, 2016 by John2John2 Tags: THE PSNI say they plan to crackdown on young people annoying residents in Derry through various forms of anti-social behaviour.Police have issued pictures of what young people have been put to in the Sandale area.A police spokesperson said: “Ballyarnett Neighbourhood Team have received reports of young people meeting up and engaging in underage drinking, drug use and anti-social behaviour in the Sandale area. BALLYARNETT NEIGHBOURHOOD TEAMDRUG AND ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOURPOLICE VOW TO CRACKDOWN ON DRINKPSNIsandale area “This behaviour is distressing local residents.“And the young people are not taking into consideration how vulnerable they are making themselves whilst under the influence of these substances.“Police will be monitoring the area over the weekend.“So please do not let it be your child we have to return home.”
Airborne Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin and fungal-derived glucans have been shown to cause acute and chronic respiratory effects in occupational and environmental settings. Finding these toxins in e-cigarette products adds to the growing concerns about the potential for adverse respiratory effects in users.” Contamination can occur at any stage in the manufacturing processThe authors suggest that the raw materials used to produce ‘fruity’ flavors are a potential source of microbial contamination.They also note that contamination could be introduced at any stage during the manufacture of the e-cigarette ingredients or in the production of the finished e-cigarette products themselves. One potential source, for example, is the cotton wicks used in the cartridges, since both endotoxins and glucans are known to contaminate cotton fibers.The use of e-cigarettes has gradually been in creasing over recent years, particularly among high-school age and middle-school age pupils. Estimates suggest that last year, more than three million high school students used the products, a significant increase on the 220,000 students estimated to have used the products in 2011.Mi-Sun Lee says the new findings should be considered when developing regulatory policies for e-cigarettes: In addition to inhaling harmful chemicals, e-cig users could also be exposed to biological contaminants like endotoxin and glucan.”Mi-Sun Lee, Lead Author By Sally Robertson, B.Sc.Apr 24 2019Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Harvard University researchers have discovered that many popular electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products are contaminated with microbial toxins that are known to cause a range of health problems. The research was published today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.eldar nurkovic | ShutterstockThe authors warn that the findings indicate that “some popular [e-cigarette] brands and flavors may be contaminated with microbial toxins.”The toxins identified were endotoxin − a potent toxic molecule found on the membranes of Gram-negative bacteria − and glucan, a polysaccharide that helps to form the cell walls of most species of fungi.Tobacco smoke from traditional tobacco cigarettes also contains endotoxins and glucans that that contaminate the products at some point during the manufacturing process. Exposure to such toxins is associated with respiratory health problems such as asthma, reduced lung function, and lung inflammation. Furthermore, studies conducted over many decades have demonstrated chronic lung impairment in populations exposed to airborne biological contaminants.Yet, according to the authors of the current study, no studies have ever explored whether these common microbial agents could also be present in e-cigarette products.Acute and chronic respiratory effectsNow, Professor of Environmental Genetics, David Christiani, and colleagues have tested 75 popular products from ten leading e-cigarette brands, including 37 single-use cartridges (also called “cigalikes”) and 38 e-liquids (which are used to refill cartridges). All products were purchased online, with the exception of products from one brand, which was bought at a convenience store on the university’s campus.The products were divided into four different flavors, which included tobacco, menthol, fruit, and other. All products were then tested for the presence of endotoxin and glucan.As reported today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, the researchers found that 17 (23%) of the products contained detectable levels of endotoxin and that 61 (81%) contained traces of glucan.Further analysis showed that, on average, the cartridges contained 3.2 times more glucan than the refillable e-liquid samples.On average glucan levels were ten times higher in the tobacco and menthol-flavored products, compared with in the fruit-flavored samples, while endotoxin concentrations were found to be significantly higher in the fruit-flavored products. Further research is neededLee and colleagues note that there are limitations to the study. For example, the team did not test the concertation of toxins that are aerosolized and passed on to the user.Furthermore, the team only screened for toxins in first-generation devices and not more recently developed products such as tanks, pods or pens. Pods, especially, are known to deliver a higher concentration of nicotine per puff, compared with first-generation devices, yet scientists do not know how this may impact on the degree of exposure to toxins.Many scientists believe that exposure to environmental toxins is significantly less among people who vape than among those who smoke traditional cigarettes, but that this does not necessarily mean that e-cigarettes products are not damaging to health at all.Should the government ban e-cigarettes?Currently, there is no scientific evidence that can conclusively support the hypothesis that the levels of endotoxin and glucan found in e-cigarette products is enough to raise public health concerns.However, given that exposure to high enough levels of airborne endotoxin does appear to harm the lungs and that the toxins are thought to contribute to the damage that cigarette smoking has on respiratory health, the authors think that further study is needed.Future research will look at how often the toxins are present in e-cigarette flavors and whether exposure to them through vaping poses and significant health risk, since there may be strategies that could be used to minimize the risk of contamination.
Performing actions that violate moral principles can involve killing an innocent person.”For example, an officer may order a person shot because it looks as if he is wearing a suicide vest. But then it turns out that he wasn’t, and a civilian ends up being killed,” he says.”Another example could be when an officer supervises and instructs an Afghan unit, and then learns that someone in that unit is abusing small children. It can be difficult to intervene in that kind of situation, but easy for a Norwegian officer to think afterwards that he should have done something,” Nordstrand explains.Far more symptomsThere is a marked difference between how danger-based and non-danger-based stressors affect the symptoms of psychological distress.The study shows that both danger-based and non-danger-based stressors lead to an increase in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD can involve being hyper-alert, jumpy, sleeping poorly and reliving events after they’ve happened.”The experience that lasted a long time and burdened him afterwards was when he went out on the battlefield after a bomb had gone off and found a glittery child’s shoe spattered with blood.”Related StoriesTransobturator sling surgery shows promise for stress urinary incontinenceRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationNew network for children and youth with special health care needs seeks to improve systems of careBut non-danger-based stressors are likely to trigger far more symptoms of psychological distress.”In our study, we found that depression, chronic sleep disorders and anxiety were much more linked to non-danger-based stressors than having been in fear for one’s life,” says Nordstrand.Appreciate life moreThe research results also show that exposure to personal life threats often leads to positive personal development. This type of trauma can contribute to the individual appreciating life more, getting closer to relatives and experiencing greater faith in their ability to handle situations.Non-danger-based stressors, on the other hand, usually lead to negative personal development, where the person values life less, feels more distant from others and has less faith in himself.Nordstrand said he didn’t expect there to be such a big difference.Nordstrand’s idea for the study came to him through his job as a psychologist in the Norwegian Armed Forces stress management service, where he noticed that often other issues than having been shot at were plaguing the soldiers.”A lot of soldiers told stories of how witnessing someone else’s suffering, especially of children who became victims of the war – were tough to work through,” says Nordstrand.One of the soldiers he’s followed up with had participated in lots of battles without dwelling on them.”The experience that stayed with him and burdened him afterwards was when he went out onto the battlefield after a bomb had gone off and found a child’s sparkly shoe spattered with blood,” the psychologist says.According to Nordstrand, a lot of people hide their non-danger-based trauma and don’t talk about it to their family, friends or colleagues. He thinks this relates to the fact that non-danger-based trauma is often linked to shame and guilt, and that it can be more difficult to talk about than that they were scared in an exchange of fire.”A lot of soldiers are probably afraid of feeling alienated if they would tell their family and civilian friends of all the horrors they saw and experienced. Such experiences often don’t fit very well with the world view we protected Norwegians have,” says Nordstrand.Wants to focus on the spectrumThe researcher hopes the study can help direct attention to the fact that there is a wide range of traumatic experiences. He would like to see the focus be not only on people who have been in life-threatening situations, but also on assistance personnel, police and firefighters who are exposed to non-danger-based stressors in their occupations on a daily basis.Other studies, including Swedish ones, show that firefighters are a group that is vulnerable to depression and suicide.”We tend to turn on the blue light and rush to help when someone has been in a life-threatening situation. I think we can do a much better job of helping people by acknowledging that there’s a real risk of mental illness after being exposed to non-danger-based trauma. We should develop protocols so that we can capture those who are vulnerable and figure out how we can better utilize our resources,” says Nordstrand. Source:Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyJournal reference:Nordstrand, A E. et al. (2019) Danger and Non-Danger Based Stressors and their Relations to Posttraumatic Deprecation or Growth in Norwegian Veterans Deployed to Afghanistan. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2019.1601989 Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 24 2019We usually think that trauma from war is related to the fact that soldiers have been under constant threat of death. New research shows a slightly different picture.The types of trauma that Norwegian soldiers were exposed to in Afghanistan greatly affected the psychological aftermath of their experiences.Psychologist Andreas Espetvedt Nordstrand and his research team have looked at how exposure to different types of traumatic experiences influenced Norwegian veterans who were in Afghanistan.The study shows that being exposed to life-threatening situations results in fewer post-traumatic stress symptoms for soldiers than when they experience suffering and death without being in danger themselves.Nordstrand is affiliated with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Department of Psychology and is one of the authors of the study, published in the European Journal of Psychotraumatology.The study is part of a comprehensive survey of how veterans are faring after the war in Afghanistan.Just over 7000 Norwegian soldiers participated in the war in Afghanistan between 2001 and 2011, and 4053 of them participated in this investigation.Violation of moral principleTrauma is roughly divided into danger-based and non-danger-based stressors.Soldiers can be exposed to danger-based trauma in classic military settings, such as being shot or ambushed. It is an active threat that is linked to anxiety.Non-danger-based trauma is divided into two subgroups:Witnessing: seeing suffering or death of others, without being in danger oneself.Moral Challenges: seeing or performing an act that violates a person’s own moral beliefs. An example of witnessing might be that a suicide bomber triggers a bomb that hurts or kills children and civilians. Then our soldiers come in to clean up or secure the area after the bomb has gone off and experience the devastation.”Andreas Espetvedt Nordstrand, Psychologist, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
German travellers face fresh cancellations Tuesday when security staff at Frankfurt airport, the country’s biggest, go on strike for more pay German airports strike slashes 600 flights German travellers face fresh upheaval on Tuesday when security staff at Frankfurt airport, the nation’s largest, are set to walk off the job in a battle for better pay that has already caused hundreds of flight cancellations. © 2019 AFP Explore further Citation: Security staff to strike at Frankfurt airport Tuesday (2019, January 11) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-01-staff-frankfurt-airport-tuesday.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Germany’s powerful Verdi union announced on Friday that the Frankfurt strike would start at 2:00 am (0100 GMT) and end at 8:00 pm (1900 GMT).It marks another escalation in their standoff with employers after walkouts by security personnel at airports in Berlin, Cologne-Bonn, Duesseldorf and Stuttgart this week led to more than 800 flights being scrapped, affecting over 100,000 passengers.The scale of Tuesday’s strike was not immediately clear.”We can’t rule out that other airports won’t join the warning strike,” Verdi warned.The union, which represents some 23,000 aviation security workers across Germany, is pushing for a pay increase to 20 euros ($23.08) per hour.Wages currently vary nationwide, with workers in some airports in eastern Germany earning around 14 euros hourly, compared with just over 17 euros for their peers in the capital and western parts of the country.Employers’ association BDLS meanwhile is offering increases of between two and 6.4 percent.The next round of negotiations will take place on January 23.
Respondents to a global survey of internet users say they want both governments and social media companies to crack down on fake news online Eighty-six percent of internet users have been duped by fake news—most of it spread on Facebook—according to a global survey published Tuesday. Citation: 86 percent of internet users admit being duped by fake news: survey (2019, June 12) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-percent-internet-users-duped-fake.html Explore further © 2019 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Social media gets thumbs-down in new US poll Respondents said they want both governments and social media companies to crack down on these activities, which are contributing to a growing distrust of the internet as well as negatively impacting economies and political discourse.The United States took the lion’s share of the blame for spreading fake news, followed by Russia and China, according to the annual Ipsos survey of more than 25,000 internet users in 25 countries.Fake news appeared to be most prevalent on Facebook, but also appears on YouTube, blogs and Twitter, the pollsters found.The survey results showed people in Egypt were the most gullible while respondents in Pakistan were the most skeptical.The results also revealed widespread distrust of social media companies and growing concerns over online privacy and biases baked into algorithms used by internet companies.The poll—which relied on both in-person and online interviews—was conducted between December 21, 2018 and February 10, 2019 on behalf of the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).”This year’s survey of global attitudes not only underscores the fragility of the internet, but also netizens’ growing discomfort with social media and the power these corporations wield over their daily lives,” CIGI’s Fen Osler Hampson said in a statement.
11 Fascinating Facts About Our Milky Way Galaxy 8 Ways You Can See Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in Real Life Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoFinance DailySeniors With No Life Insurance May Get Up To $250,000 If They Do This…Finance DailyUndoCNETMeet the US Navy’s new $13 billion aircraftCNETUndo The 11 Biggest Unanswered Questions About Dark Matter Can a chameleon build a galaxy? According to new computer models, yes. This isn’t a surrealist joke but rather the implication of recent simulations that aim to explain the inner workings of dark energy, a mysterious force that is driving apart everything in the universe. The findings, published July 8 in the journal Nature Astronomy, lend support to a model of dark energy known as Chameleon Theory. Hints of dark energy were first discovered in the late 1990s, when cosmologists measured the light from distant supernovas and realized that the stars were dimmer than expected, suggesting that the fabric of spacetime was not only expanding, but accelerating in its expansion. Physicists proposed the existence of a force that worked in opposition to gravity, pushing things away from one another, rather than pulling them together. [The Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics]Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65919-chameleon-theory-explains-dark-energy-maybe.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35 Most researchers subscribe to the idea that dark energy is what’s known as the cosmological constant, a type of energy pent up in the vacuum of space itself, Baojiu Li, a mathematical physicist at Durham University in the United Kingdom, told Live Science. “This simple model works very well practically, and it is a straightforward addition to the cosmological model without having to modify the law of gravity,” he said. The problem is that leading physics theories predict that the value of the vacuum’s energy should be 120 orders of magnitude higher than what cosmologists observe from actual measurements of dark energy in the universe, said Li. So physicists have sought out alternate explanations, including Chameleon Theory. The theory proposes a new force, atop the four already known, mediated by a particle called the chameleon particle, according to an explainer in Sky and Telescope magazine. The chameleon force would act like dark energy, driving apart galaxies in the cosmos. But having an unexpected fifth force comes with its own dilemma — how come our instruments have never before seen such a particle? The theory suggests that chameleon particles, like their reptilian namesakes, can blend into their surroundings to evade detection. Rather than changing color, these particles change mass. In high-density environments, such as that near Earth, they have a high mass and are therefore difficult to detect. This is why we don’t see the effects of chameleon particles on our solar system, but rather only on extremely large cosmological scales, where, overall, matter is sparse, according to the theory. In order to test Chameleon Theory, researchers have run powerful computer simulations, spinning virtual dark matter — an as-yet-unknown substance vastly outweighing visible matter in the universe — with the four known forces plus chameleon particles to create celestial structures like our solar system, according to a statement. But until now, processing-power limitations have meant that the models could not include ordinary, visible matter, like protons and electrons. Li and his colleagues used supercomputers to finally include the ordinary particles alongside everything else and produce galaxy-scale structures. “The simulations show that realistic galaxies, like our own Milky Way, can form despite the complicated behavior of gravity in [Chameleon Theory],” Li said. The team hopes further modeling will reveal ways to distinguished the theory from other hypotheses about dark energy, he added. So do these ideas challenge Einstein’s theory of general relativity, as has been widely reported? “Challenge is a strong word,” Jeremy Sakstein, a physicist at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia who was not involved in the work, told Live Science. To test general relativity, it’s useful to have competing theories, he added, and this new research represents a step toward making predictions about what these alternatives might see on cosmological scales.
SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE Published on Tripura November 19, 2018 COMMENT airlines and aviation value added tax The Tripura government has decided to reduce Value Added Tax (VAT) on aviation turbine fuel to attract airline operators to function from Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Airport here, a minister said on Monday. Law Minister Ratan Lal Nath told reporters that a decision had been taken to reduce VAT from 18 per cent to 16 per cent, as a result of which aviation fuel would cost significantly lesser in Tripura compared to Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in neighbouring Guwahati or Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata. Tripura’s state exchequer would take a hit of Rs 1.2 crore annually following the decision, Nath said. VAT on aviation fuel is charged at 23.65 per cent at Guwahati Airport and 25 per cent in Kolkata. This move is expected to incentivise airlines to buy fuel from Tripura which can ultimately benefit passengers in terms of ticket price. “Tripura used to charge aviation fuel at 18 per cent and the new decision would bring it down to 16 per cent, which in terms of money, would make the fuel cost lower at Agartala than its nearest two major airports Guwahati and Kolkata,” Nath said. “With the aviation turbine fuel cost lowered, we hope that airline operators will be more interested to operate from Agartala and passengers would get affordable tickets,” Nath said. COMMENTS
Tags / Keywords: “If anything, relative to earlier in the year, the conditions, the arguments for adding policy accommodation have strengthened over time, and I think that’s the way I continue to view it,” Mr. Williams told reporters after delivering a speech at the University at Albany.Mr. Williams said last year was a good year for growth even as inflation continued to fall short of the Fed’s 2% target, and at the start of this year, his read on the economy was that “the risks seemed relatively balanced.”Unlock exclusive insights, analyses, and curated news on the economy on The Star Online’s Business section with Starbiz Premium.SubscribeLog In Corporate News13 Jul 2019IJM contract termination likely due to deadline issueCorporate News13 Jul 2019Alliance Bank to undergo streamlining?Corporate News13 Jul 2019Yinson continues to draw interest More Stories Banking , Economy NEW YORK: Federal Reserve Bank of New York President John Williams said the case for lowering short-term interest rates is getting stronger, opening the door to his support for easier monetary policy at the end of this month. Property13 Jul 2019Pioneering the wellness concept for offices in MalaysiaEconomy13 Jul 2019Much to benefit from Malaysia-China tiesOil & Gas11 Jul 2019OPEC action and trade truce may give oil the lift it needs