Reducing malnutrition

first_imgThe world is unlikely to reach the international goals set to reduce malnutrition or maternal and child mortality by 2015, authorities on global health and nutrition say. They believe that improving child nutrition is a key way to lessen all three.Experts gathered at the Harvard School of Public Health Wednesday (April 14) for a symposium presented by the Harvard Nutrition and Global Health Program at the Harvard Initiative for Global Health. The daylong session drew authorities from around the world to discuss how to improve nutrition and how that would influence areas beyond public health, such as education and the economy.The event was hosted by Wafaie Fawzi, professor of nutrition and epidemiology, and Christopher Duggan, associate professor of nutrition and of pediatrics.Nutrition Department chair Walter Willett introduced the session by outlining the eight Millennium Development Goals, adopted at a United Nations summit in 2000. The symposium focused on three of the eight goals: halving extreme malnutrition and poverty, and reducing child and maternal mortality. The other goals include guaranteeing universal primary education; gender equality; fighting AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; protecting the environment; and developing a global partnership for development.Willett said each goal tackles an area of enormous challenge, but nutrition plays a role in achieving all of them. Though some nations, particularly those in East Asia and Latin America, have made progress toward achieving the goals, nations in Africa and South Asia have made little progress.“It’s pretty clear we’re headed for a major shortfall on many of these goals,” Willett said.In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, the percent of the population that is hungry slipped from 1990-92 to 2004-06, falling from 32 to 28 percent. But that number rose again, to 29 percent in 2008. In 1990, more than half of the children in South Asia were underweight. That number fell a bit by 2007, but still stood at 48 percent.Willett cautioned, however, that improving nutrition in the early years is not the end of the battle. Mexico, he said, successfully reduced its childhood mortality from undernutrition and infectious diseases, but has seen a rise in chronic diseases to the point where diabetes is the leading cause of death.Mickey Chopra, chief of health for UNICEF, said the Millennium Development Goals were adopted not out of some concept of charity flowing from rich to poor countries, but rather out of a broader sense of social justice. Today, 195 million children under age 5 in the developing world have stunted growth. Not surprisingly, he said, countries with high levels of child malnutrition also have high levels of child mortality.Chopra said that the first 1,000 days of life — roughly from conception through age 2 — are the most critical in avoiding malnutrition. Knowing that fact means interventions can be designed and prioritized to the best effect. Some countries such as Nepal and Malawi, though they have continued to experience economic and political hardships, still have been able to make progress toward the goals, through shifting priorities and targeted programs.But while some countries have progressed without major infusions of cash, Chopra said that most will need to increase spending on health care to improve their situations. Fifty-seven countries have critical shortages of doctors, nurses, and midwives.“It’s going to be extremely difficult, if not impossible, to achieve the goals without increasing money spent on health,” Chopra said.Meera Shekar, lead health and nutrition specialist at the World Bank, said India is a particularly troublesome spot. It appears unlikely that India will achieve the malnutrition development goal by 2015. But even if it did, it would only reach the level where many African countries are today, she said. Malnutrition rates in South Asian countries, she said, are nearly double those in some African countries. Statistics show that many underweight children in South Asia were already small when born, meaning that interventions in the womb might be important.It is generally accepted that poverty can lead to malnutrition, but malnutrition, in turn, can lead to poverty, Shekar said. Malnutrition leads to an average .7 grade loss in schooling and a seven-month delay in entering school. It eventually leads to a 10 percent or greater loss in lifetime earnings.last_img read more

Odds & Ends: Billy Burke & Gina Gershon Bring Stephen King to the Stage & More

first_img Benjamin Walker’s Choice: Film, Broadway or Both? Benjamin Walker, after playing a vampire-slaying Abraham Lincoln in his last major film credit, is going to tone it down a bit this time. The Broadway alum has been tapped to play Travis Parker in the film adaptation of Nicholas Sparks’ The Choice, starring opposite Teresa Palmer as Gabby Holland, according to Deadline. There’s no official timeline for the film yet, but we do wonder if this will conflict with him potentially picking up the axe once more in American Psycho. That is, if it ends up hitting the Great White Way. Josh Gad Josh Gad Has Reason to Be Angry Josh Gad will go from happy snowman to angry bird in the upcoming Angry Birds animated feature. Entertainment Weekly reports that the Tony nominee will voice Chuck, the yellow-feathered one, starring opposite Jason Sudeikis, Danny McBride, Bill Hader, Maya Rudolph, Peter Dinklage, Kate McKinnon and more. The film is slated for a July 1, 2016, release. No word yet on if we’ll actually still be playing the game on our iPhones/iPads/Apple Watches at that point. Benjamin Walker Here’s a quick roundup of stories you may have missed today. Billy Burke and Gina Gershon Hit the Road Twilight and Revolution’s Billy Burke and screen star and Broadway alum Gina Gershon will lead the cast of Ghost Brothers of Darkland County. The supernatural musical is written by literary creep-master Stephen King and features a score by John Mellencamp. The tour will launch in Orono, Maine on November 8, and as previously announced, will play New York’s Beacon Theatre on November 24.center_img Star Files Do You Want to Chat with Anna? Speaking of the Frozen fam, what’s Princess Anna been up to lately, besides picking up checks from ABC? Well, you can find out for yourself thanks to The Headstrong Project. The organization, which provides cost-free mental healthcare to war veterans, is auctioning off either a voicemail or short phone conversation with Anna, courtesy of Kristen Bell. Now’s your chance to do an over-the-phone duet of “Love is an Open Door” (or “Romeo and Juliet”) with the Princess of Arendelle herself! View Commentslast_img read more

Donna McKechnie Will Be Chita Rivera’s Standby in The Visit

first_img The Visit It takes a singular sensation to step in for a singular sensation! Tony winner Donna McKechnie will be the standby for Chita Rivera’s lead role of Claire Zachannassian in Broadway’s The Visit. Directed by John Doyle and choreographed by Graciela Daniele, the tuner will begin performances at the Lyceum Theatre on March 26, with opening night set for April 23. View Comments The company also includes Roger Rees, Jason Danieley, Matthew Deming, Diana Dimarzio, David Garrison, Rick Holmes, Tom Nelis, Chris Newcomer, Aaron Ramey, Timothy Shew and Michelle Veintimilla. Related Showscenter_img John Kander and Fred Ebb’s The Visit is based on the classic Friedrich Dürrenmatt play (adapted by Maurice Valency) and features a book by Terrence McNally, with music by Kander and lyrics by Ebb. Claire Zachanassian is an often-widowed millionairess who pays a visit to her hardship-stricken birthplace. The locals hope she’ll bring them a new lease on life, but little do they know her offer to revitalize the town comes at a dreadful price. McKechnie won a Tony for her performance as Cassie in the original production of A Chorus Line. Other Broadway credits include State Fair, Company, On the Town and Promises, Promises. Screen credits include Dark Shadows and Cheers. Show Closed This production ended its run on June 14, 2015last_img read more

Nanocellulose Study

first_imgUniversity of Georgia food engineer Fanbin Kong has been awarded a more than $496,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture to study the safety of nanocellulose and how it affects humans’ food digestion and nutrient absorption.Nanocellulose is a light, solid substance obtained from plant matter, generally wood pulp. It is currently used in the food industry as a stabilizing agent, a functional food ingredient and in food packaging production.“Nanocellulose has big application potential. It could be added to packaging materials to strengthen them or added to food as a dietary fiber. It also greatly increases the viscosity of foods,” said Kong, a researcher in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Department of Food Science and Technology. “We now have the technology to break down cellulose (down) to a nanoscale size, called ‘nanocellulose,’ with a diameter of 1/100 nanometers. In comparison, human hair is about 80,000 nanometers in diameter.” Scientists know the benefits of nanocellulose, but they don’t know how it behaves in the digestive system once it’s ingested. “For example, will the very tiny particles easily penetrate into cells and tissues of the human body and become a big health concern? Will the particles remain nanoscale or will they aggregate together to increase the particle size? Will they bind to proteins, carbohydrates or enzymes and make food digestion difficult, reducing nutrient absorption? Will they impact the composition of the microorganisms that live in human digestive tracts (called ‘gut microbiota’)?” Kong said.These are the questions Kong hopes to answer with the USDA three-year grant. For his work at UGA, Kong developed models of the human stomach and intestine that realistically demonstrate the way food breaks down in the human body. These models help him test the effectiveness of functional foods and develop new foods aimed at helping those with specific health issues.“At UGA, we will use the artificial stomach and intestine models to study how the nanocellulose will transform its size and shape in the digestive tract, and how it will interact with protein, lipid and starch molecules (to) affect (the protein, lipid and starch molecules’) digestibility,” Kong said. He will collaborate with scientists at the University of Missouri who will conduct cell tests to determine whether or not the nanofibers can penetrate into intestinal cells and how they will impact the gut microflora. Tailiang Guo, a toxicologist with the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine, will use mice to validate the results from the simulation test, including examining any toxic effects caused by eating food containing nanocellulose.“Macroscale or microscale biomaterials are generally recognized as safe and do not pose health risks to consumers. However, the biological effects and toxicity of nanoscale biomaterials cannot be predicted solely from their chemical structures,” Kong said. “This project will fill the knowledge gap about the behavior of nanocellulose during digestion and reveal any toxic effects.”Kong’s grant funds are part of a $5.2 million investment awarded in support of nanotechnology research at 11 universities. Collectively, these projects will shed light on ways nanotechnology can be used to improve food safety, enhance renewable fuels, increase crop yields, manage agricultural pests and more. The funds were made available through the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, the nation’s premier competitive, peer-reviewed grants program for fundamental and applied agricultural sciences.“This important grant will allow Dr. Kong to continue his long-term work to help us better understand how nanobiomaterials impact human, livestock and environmental health,” said Robert N. Shulstad, CAES associate dean for research. “This vital work will further our quest to provide a safe food supply for the nation and beyond.”(Merritt Melancon, public relations coordinator in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, contributed to this article.)last_img read more

CUNA receives three additional board nominations

first_img continue reading » 10SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr CUNA has received three additional board nominations for the 2018 CUNA Board elections.The nominees are:District 1, Class B, Gary E. Furtado,  president/CEO, Navigant CU, Smithfield, RI;District 5, Class A,  Maria J. Martinez, president/CEO, Border FCU, Del Rio, Texas; andDistrict 5, Class A, Johnny O’Hare, president/CEO, Cherokee Strip CU, Ponca City, OK.Previous nominations include:District 4, Class B: Patrick Pierce, President/CEO, City & County Credit Union, St. Paul, Minn.last_img read more

What makes a catch a catch in football plus some compliance stuff

first_imgBefore I do what I get paid to do, I have to explain to you why I was screaming out Al Michaels and Cris Collinsworth last night as they were mangling the NFL Rule Book. Simply put, Zack Ertz clearly made a catch when he scored the go ahead touchdown against the Patriots last night in what I consider the most entertaining Super Bowl I’ve ever watched.There actually is a compliance component here. The NFL Rule Book is more complicated than the criminal code but refs are expected to make split second decisions in front of packed stadiums and about half a billion people watching on TV.Here’s the allegedly controversial play. If you watch it you will see Ertz catches the ball, takes a step and a half and then dives into the end zone. Here how Rule 8-1-3 defines a catch: “A player who makes a catch may advance the ball. A forward pass is complete (by the offense) or intercepted (by the defense) if a player, who is inbounds: (a) secures control of the ball in his hands or arms prior to the ball touching the ground; and (b) touches the ground inbounds with both feet or with any part of his body other than his hands; and (c) maintains control of the ball after (a) and (b) have been fulfilled, until he has the ball long enough to clearly become a runner. A player has the ball long enough to become a runner when, after his second foot is on the ground, he is capable of avoiding or warding off impending contact of an opponent, tucking the ball away, turning up field, or taking additional steps.” continue reading » 5SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Trolls World Tour Release Date in India Set for November 19

first_imgTrolls World Tour release date in India has been announced. The sequel to Trolls will release Thursday, November 19, in cinemas across the country in English and Hindi, over seven months since its premiere in the US due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Universal Pictures took a game-changing approach to Trolls World Tour’s global release back in April, putting the film in cinemas and on digital rental platforms on the same day. That didn’t include India, what with cinemas shut nationwide and negligible existence of the pay-per-view market here.With theatres now reopened across most of India — Maharashtra, with the largest number of screens, did so a couple of weeks back — Universal Pictures India thinks it’s a good time to release Trolls World Tour. The animated musical has been available for pre-order on DVD and Blu-ray for the longest time, but it seems that wait will continue with Trolls World Tour now headed to the big screen. Of course, if you don’t feel comfortable stepping out and into a closed environment with strangers, Trolls World Tour is available digitally outside India.- Advertisement – Alongside, Universal Pictures India has released new trailers for Trolls World Tour in English and Hindi.Trolls World Tour English trailerTrolls World Tour Hindi trailer- Advertisement – Trolls World Tour opens November 19 in English and Hindi in theatres across India. Anna Kendrick, Justin Timberlake, Rachel Bloom, James Corden, Ron Funches, Ozzy Osbourne, Karan Soni, Anderson Paak, George Clinton, Mary J. Blige, Kelly Clarkson, Sam Rockwell, Icona Pop, Kunal Nayyar, Jamie Dornan, J Balvin, Kenan Thompson, Kevin Michael Richardson, Walt Dohrn, Ester Dean, Gustavo Dudamel, Anthony Ramos, Flula Borg, Charlyne Yi, Christopher Mintz-Plasse, Betsy Sodaro, Zooey Deschanel, and K-pop girl group Red Velvet are part of the Trolls World Tour (voice) cast. Dohrn is also the director.Trolls World Tour was received less positively than the original, with a 70 percent rating on reviews aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Made on an estimated budget of around $100 million (about Rs. 745 crores), Trolls World Tour grossed $37.9 million (about Rs. 280 crores) in theatres worldwide, and around $150 million (about Rs. 1,115 crores) from digital rentals, according to IndieWire.Here’s the official synopsis for Trolls World Tour, from Universal Pictures:In an adventure that will take them well beyond what they’ve known before, Poppy (Kendrick) and Branch (Timberlake) discover that they are but one of six different Troll tribes scattered over six different lands and devoted to six different kinds of music: Funk, Country, Techno, Classical, Pop and Rock. Their world is about to get a lot bigger and a whole lot louder.A member of hard-rock royalty, Queen Barb (Bloom), aided by her father King Thrash (Osbourne), wants to destroy all other kinds of music to let rock reign supreme. With the fate of the world at stake, Poppy and Branch, along with their friends — Biggie (Corden), Chenille (Hjelt), Satin (Jawo), Cooper (Funches) and Guy Diamond (Nayyar) — set out to visit all the other lands to unify the Trolls in harmony against Barb, who’s looking to upstage them all.- Advertisement – – Advertisement –last_img read more

133 hotels and 65 campsites have been opened, and most hotels are expected to open in June

first_imgThis weekend, 133 hotels and 65 camps were opened, which started a stronger activation of domestic tourist capacities for the beginning of the main tourist season.  To continue opening the capacity, it is crucial to reach precise agreements with the countries that make up our main emitting markets on unhindered travel to Croatia and back, and this is expected by mid-June at the latest, as announced by the Minister of Tourism. Therefore, the plan to open tourist facilities envisages that camps in Istria, Kvarner and Dalmatia will be opened by the end of May, as well as additional hotels, HUT points out, adding that most hotels and all other tourist services are expected to open in June. in destinations.  Photo: Arena Hospitality Group Obzirom na ukupnu situaciju možemo biti zadovoljni prvim turističkim brojkama, izjavio je Veljko Ostojić, direktor Hrvatske udruge turizma te dodao kako je kvalitetna epidemiološka situacija temelj ostvarivanja rezultata ove godine i tu smo među najboljima u Europi. “We need to make the most of this in the coming period, starting today. Nothing will happen by itself, we need to start communicating intensively in key markets to attract guests. Simultaneously with the finalization of the agreement on a simpler and faster procedure for the entry of tourists from key emitting markets, we must launch coordinated and targeted promotional activities in these markets. ” HUT: It is necessary to launch a targeted promotional campaign as soon as possible U HUT-u naglašavaju kako je nužno što prije pokrenuti ciljane promotivne aktivnosti na ključnim tržištima, i to na način da se koordiniraju aktivnosti privatnog i jasnog sektora. “Successful promotion is key to ensuring greater demand for coming to Croatia and achieving the maximum possible tourist results in this extraordinary year” zaključuje Ostojić. last_img read more

Teachers restraining children 130 times a month

first_imgRadio NZ News 24 November 2017Family First Comment: Here’s the proof that common sense has left our schools – and teaching staff are now paranoid about taking common sense action against misbehaving students…Principals’ Federation’s Whetu Cormick – Mr Cormick said new rules about when teachers could legally use physical force also meant teachers were less likely to intervenePresident of the Post Primary Teachers Association, Jack Boyle – “Teachers have always thought twice about it, but now what… some teachers will be thinking about potentially is not ‘is that young person at risk of harm?’ but instead there’s a backstep ‘am I at risk of losing my career if I intervene?’,”Tai Tokerau Principals Association president Pat Newman – the ministry was requiring notifications about trivial incidents, such as breaking up fights between five-year-olds. “It’s brought another level of fear into schools and into teachers about what are going to be the consequences of keeping children safe.”And then they wonder why schools are so unsafe these days!Teachers are physically restraining children to stop them hurting themselves or others more than 130 times each month, Education Ministry figures show.Since the start of August, schools have had to notify the Ministry of Education every time a teacher physically restrains a student.Between 1 August and 25 October, 186 schools made 423 notifications, all involving the use of force because of a serious and imminent safety risk.It said more than half the cases involved children with recognised behaviour problems.Twenty-three of the reports came from secondary schools, 79 from special schools, and 321 from primary schools.The ministry’s deputy secretary sector enablement and support, Katrina Casey, said physical restraint was a serious intervention and should only be used as a last resort.She said the notification system helped the ministry support schools and it also protected staff by ensuring there was a written record of each event.READ MORE: Restraint reporting too detailed, but vital – teachersRadio NZ News 27 November 2017Mandatory reporting of hundreds of cases of teachers physically restraining children will show the scale of the behaviour problems they’re dealing with, school principals say.But they warn that teachers are increasingly worried their snap judgements about when to restrain a child could land them in court.The Education Ministry received more than 400 notifications of physical restraint in schools in the first three months of mandatory reporting, which began on 1 August.Deidre Alderson from Willowbank School was among several hundred principals who had reported a case of physical restraint of a child since then.“We had a child whose behaviours were causing the teacher concern and she was unable to de-escalate the problem,” she said.“Her only real alternative was to hold the child so that she could get the rest of the children out of the classroom so that they were safe.”READ MORE: read more

Twisters Win Eastern Hancock Tennis Invitational

first_imgTournament Results: Wanstrath, Schebler, Wagner, Grieshop, and Back were awarded medalist honors. Individual Results as follows: OA: 31 team pointsLapel:  17 team pointsEastern Hancock:  12 pointsBlackford:  0 points #1 Singles:  Michael Wanstrath (OA) wins 2 matches by defeating:1st round:  Straton Stone (BHS) by a score of 6-0, 6-02nd round:  Kodey Huff (EHHS) by a score of 3-6, 7-6 (7-3 TB), 10-5 (STB) #2 Singles:  Riley Schebler (OA) wins 2 matches by defeating:1st round:  Will Rector (LHS) by a score of 6-2, 6-12nd round:   Nolan Stout (EHHS) by a score of 6-1, 6-3 Oldenburg Academy’s Boys Tennis Team traveled to Hancock County today to participate in the Eastern Hancock High School Invitational against Eastern Hancock, Lapel, and Blackford High Schools.center_img #2 Doubles:  Jon Grieshop/Ethan Back (OA) win 2 matches by defeating:1st Round:  Sam Blocher/Bryce Wennen (EHHS) by a score of 6-2, 6-22nd Round:  Cam Gooding/Trevor Whaley (LHS) by a score of 6-2, 6-0 #1 Doubles:  Jacob Sheets/Patrick Thompson (OA) split matches as follows:1st round:  Defeated Gavin Wolfgang/Jace Keplinger (BHS) by a score of 6-0, 6-0.2nd round:  Lost to Nick Thalls/Corbin Renihan (LHS) by a score of 4-6, 5-7. #3 Singles:  Drew Wagner (OA) wins 2 matches by defeating:1st round:  Zeke Dixon (EHHS) by a score of 6-1, 6-12nd round:  Asher Evelo (LHS) by a score of 6-0, 6-1 Oldenburg Academy wins the tournament with the following team scores: Courtesy of Twisters Coach Dave Back.last_img read more