Nessma TV trial adjourned until controversial date

first_img Tunisia : RSF asks Tunisian president’s office to respect journalists TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa November 12, 2019 Find out more News Organisation After several postponements, Nessma TV owner Nabil Karoui’s trial on charges of causing offence by broadcasting the Franco-Iranian animated film Persepolis last October resumed yesterday before a Tunis court. The film, which contains a portrayal of God, triggered violent demonstrations by Tunisia’s Salafists when it was screened last October.Opposition leaders, national constituent assembly representatives, Tunisian and foreign human rights activists, and many lawyers and journalists went to the court in show of support for Nessma TV. Reporters Without Borders, which is calling for Karoui’s acquittal, also attended. At the end of yesterday’s hearing, the court announced that it would issue its verdict on 3 May, when activities to mark World Press Freedom Day are to be organized under UNESCO’s aegis in Tunis.“The decision by the judges to issue their verdict on 3 May does not seem to a coincidence and raises questions,” Reporters Without Borders said. “From the outset, this trial has has a political character. It must not now be used by the authorities to spruce up their image on World Press Freedom Day.”Two days after Nessma TV broadcast Persepolis on 7 October, around 300 people tried to storm the TV’s stations premises and then, the next day, 144 lawyers filed a complaint against the station. Both the attack and the complaint were condemned by Reporters Without Borders at the time.The complaint is based on articles 44 and 48 of the former media law and article 121-3 of the criminal code, which says that: “The distribution, sale or public display – or the possession with the intent to distribute, sell or display for a propaganda purpose – of leaflets, newsletters or stickers, whether of foreign origin or not, likely to disturb public order and decency, is forbidden.”The complaint also cites articles 226 and 226 (b) of the criminal code, which punish “causing offence to religions,” “public outrage,” “gross indecency” and “affront to public decency and morality.”Reporters Without Borders calls for the withdrawal of all the charges against Nessma TV, just as it calls for the dismantling of the legislative arsenal developed under former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to gag the media, and calls for the implementation of the new media law, decree law 115.“The articles on which this complaint is based are no longer applicable because decree law 115 has taken effect,” Reporters Without Borders said. “By modifying the charges on which the prosecution is based, the judges would have a unique opportunity to give the new press law the force it deserves.”Karoui’s trial has had a high profile but the media have paid much less attention to other cases that have produced rulings harmful for freedom of expression and media freedom.Photo : Reuters / Anis Mili Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” Help by sharing this information News Receive email alerts Related documents Nessma TV trial adjourned until controversial date – In arabicPDF – 244.82 KB April 20, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Nessma TV trial adjourned until controversial date News RSF_en to go further December 26, 2019 Find out more News Follow the news on Tunisia November 11, 2020 Find out more Eleven organizations from civil society create the Forum on Information & Democracy, a structural response to information disorder TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa last_img read more

Jharkhand Government Moves SC Against Centre’s Coal Block Auction

first_imgTop StoriesJharkhand Government Moves SC Against Centre’s Coal Block Auction Sanya Talwar19 Jun 2020 10:55 PMShare This – xFollowing launch of auction process of coal blocks for purposes of commercial mining by the Prime Minister, the Jharkhand Government has moved the Supreme Court challenging it.The plea filed by Advocate Tapesh Kumar Singh challenges the auctioning process which has been initiated to boost industrial development by aiming at self-sufficient energy resources on the ground that the ongoing…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginFollowing launch of auction process of coal blocks for purposes of commercial mining by the Prime Minister, the Jharkhand Government has moved the Supreme Court challenging it.The plea filed by Advocate Tapesh Kumar Singh challenges the auctioning process which has been initiated to boost industrial development by aiming at self-sufficient energy resources on the ground that the ongoing pandemic shall subdue legitimate market price. The plea also avers that this would devastate the indigenous tribal populace and lead to exploitation of coal mining activities.”The need for fair assessment of the social and environmental impact on the huge ‘tribal population’ and vast tracts of ‘Forest lands’ of the State and its residents which are likely to be adversely affected…..The negative ‘Global Investment Climate’ prevailing due to ‘Covid-19’ which is unlikely to fetch reasonable returns proportionate to the value of the scarce natural resource through the impugned auctions for commercial coal mining” – Extract of PleaSingh further states in the writ petition that the auctioning process cannot be legally valid as Mineral Laws (Amendment) Act, 2020 creates a “legal vacuum” due to its lapse on May 14, 2020.Further to this, the petitioner states that section 11 (A)(1) of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 allowed participation in competitive bidding for commercial coal mining companies that carry out coal mining operations in India, thus restricting global participation and competition, which was deleted by the Ordinance released on June 11.Earmarking the need for urgency, the petitioner has highlighted that a day prior to the launching of the formal auctioning process, Jharkhand Government had already challenged the “hasty” decision of before the Supreme Court.The State has said “whether such a policy flip-flop on a strategically and economically important ingredient of the energy basket of the country, that too within such a short span of time, would boost investors confidence especially when, post Covid 19 scenario, countries are looking away from China and towards India?”Additionally, the plea questions the basis of the decision of Central Government as to what happened between August 2010, when the Union Cabinet took a decision to allow 100 per cent FDI in coal mining and on March 13, 2020, when  the amended Mineral Laws became a temporary law.State also challenged the move on the pretext that coal bearing States seeking to maximise returns on the scarce natural resource gets diminished due to the foreign competition, which was earlier ruled out by the decision of the Centre itself.Next Storylast_img read more

Study explores whole-body immunity

first_imgOver the next few months, millions of people will receive vaccinations in the hope of staving off the flu — and the fever, pain, and congestion that come with it.But how can one injection trigger an immune response that protects someone from head to toe?Part of the answer, says Nicolas Chevrier, a former Bauer Fellow at the Harvard FAS Center for Systems Biology and now an assistant professor in molecular engineering at the University of Chicago, appears to lie in the way antiviral signals spread through the body within hours of a vaccination, seeding immune cells in various tissues. Chevrier’s findings are described in an Oct. 5 paper published in Cell.“The starting point for this study was the question of how do we study the immune system at the scale of the whole organism?” Chevrier said. “Immune cells are in every organ of the body — in the lungs, the heart, the skin — making it incredibly challenging to study how the immune system can operate across the entire organism. Current studies are siloed. For example, people only looked at the lungs or only looked at the blood.”To find answers, Chevrier and colleagues turned to a pair of Vaccinia viruses — one a pathogenic version of the disease and the other an inactive strain deployed for formulating vaccines similar to those used to eradicate smallpox in the early 20th century.“To test our idea, we wanted something to trigger and compare various types of immune responses from vaccination alone, to infection alone, and to a protective one [infection of vaccinated individuals],” he said. “Using this comparative approach allowed us to ask: When you immunize at the skin, does the response stay localized, or does it become systemic? And if so, how far and how fast does it spread? These are fundamental questions about the inner working of the immune system at a scale that we didn’t have any way to look at.”Researchers first immunized mice against the disease to study how their immune systems responded to the vaccine, and later exposed the same mice to the pathogenic version of the virus to study how it triggered their immune defenses.“We were very excited to see that our approach worked,” Chevrier said. “We could observe and track immune processes at the whole-body scale for the first time. Based on these findings, we uncovered two new mechanisms of immune protection critical for the host. First, we found that within hours of being vaccinated, a whole-body antiviral is created — as if the body’s defenses were anticipating its virus opponent’s next moves to win the battle.”That process, he explained, involves a molecule known as interferon, which is secreted at the point of immunization, and quickly propagates through most tissues via the bloodstream.For years, Chevrier said, scientists believed interferon was merely a local response to an immune trigger, but the new study suggests that it may actually play an important role in activating antiviral genes across many tissues, helping them fight off infection.What Chevrier dubbed the protective response, on the contrary, seems far more localized to a few organs.“It seems to be more restrained to where the virus goes,” he said. “In our tests, the infection came in through the lungs, and very quickly progressed to the liver and the spleen. But the immune defenses set by vaccination stopped the virus right there, and very efficiently. We found that memory cells are instructed to reside in those tissues and are set up to counter a potential reinfection.”That finding contradicts accepted wisdom, which had been that those cells could most effectively fight infection by circulating through the body. In recent years, however, evidence has emerged suggesting that the resident cells might be more potent and widespread than first thought.“They were seen as local protectors,” Chevrier said. “People thought that when you got immunized at the skin, for example, those cells would reside in the skin, but what we’ve found is that they’re seeded much more broadly across the body to serve as systemic protectors. So as soon as the virus arrives in the liver or the spleen, those cells are ideally placed to fight off the infection as it unfolds.”He added: “Our study is a proof of principle that the immune system can be observed and studied at the whole-body scale in mammals — as opposed to one or few tissues at a time. That being said, much effort is now needed to test this idea in other immune processes linked to health and disease.”last_img read more

Linebacker EJ Carter dismissed from Syracuse football team

first_img Published on May 12, 2010 at 12:00 pm Linebacker E.J. Carter is no longer a member of the Syracuse football team, a spokesperson from SU Athletics confirmed Thursday afternoon. Though per his policy on players leaving the program, SU head coach Doug Marrone would not elaborate on the reasons for Carter’s departure, the spokesperson said.Carter, a 6-foot, 220-pounder, started eight games at outside linebacker for the Orange as a freshman in 2009. In 10 games, Carter compiled 24 tackles and 2 sacks. During spring practice, Carter was penciled in to start once again in 2010.According to a report in the Syracuse Post-Standard, Carter missed an important exit meeting with Marrone Friday morning and did not accompany the team on a mandatory event that night, prompting Marrone to dismiss the Orlando, Fla., native from the team.Per team policy, each player must meet with the coaching staff before leaving school following the spring semester. The purpose is to grade the players on their spring performance, give them work for the summer and inform them where they stand on the post-spring depth chart.The Post-Standard report said that Carter took an early flight home Friday, May 7, as opposed to staying through the weekend. As a result, he missed the mandatory meeting and team event. AdvertisementThis is placeholder textCarter briefly left the team before spring practice began in late March, and had been left off the team’s spring depth chart before ultimately returning to the team. Carter was also suspended for ‘a violation of team rules’ in October, causing him to miss three weeks of practice and two games. Check for further updates as they become available. Facebook Twitter Google+ Comments [email protected]last_img read more